Friday, February 4, 2011

Windows XP Boot Problems.

There are several things that you can do when your computer with Microsoft Windows XP won’t boot.

1. First, check to see if your hardware is operating correctly:-Check all of the cables and listen for the boot-up tones, which check the memory, keyboard, mouse and video connections. Typically a single “beep” indicates that all is well.

2. Troubleshooting Your Windows XP Operating System:-Troubleshooting your Windows XP Operating System starts when the operating system is working correctly. Create a Windows Startup Disk using your floppy drive and a floppy disk. Follow the following steps:

a. Format a blank floppy disk
b. Find the following files on the C hard drive – Boot.ini, NTLDR, Ntdetect.com
c. Copy the three files to the floppy disk
d. Label the floppy disk and store it in a safe place

Check the newly created floppy disk by inserting the disk into the floppy drive and press [Ctrl][Alt][Delete] to reboot. When you boot from your floppy disk, Windows XP will bypass the active partition and boot files on the hard disk and start Windows XP normally.

3. Access the Windows XP startup menu:-When the computer is booting, press the F8 key before the Windows XP logo appears. You will get the Windows XP startup menu.

4. Use the Last Known Good Configuration:-The Last Known Good Configuration feature replaces the contents of the {CurrentControlSet} Registry Key with a backup copy that was saved when the system started up successfully the last time. Since this creates a backup copy each time it is used, you have only one shot at using it. If it fails, and you try it again, the backup copy is probably also corrupt.

5. Use System Restore:-System Restore runs in the background as a service and continually monitors system-critical components for change. When an impending system change is detected, a backup is made. The default is to create restore points every 24 hours. To use System Restore, first restart the computer by pressing [F8] to display the Windows Advanced Options menu. Select the Safe Mode press [Enter].

Once Windows boots into Safe Mode, then click the start button, access All Programs|Accessories|System Tools menu, and select System Restore. Because you’re running in Safe Mode, the only option on the opening screen of the System Restore wizard is Restore My Computer to an Earlier Time, and it’s selected by default, so just click next. Follow the wizard to select a restore point and begin the restoration procedure. How you can create a System Restore point in Windows XP. Normally System Restore will create system restore points as needed. However, you might want to create System Restore points manually. For example, if you install a new application, Microsoft suggests creating a System Restore point before you install the application. See Microsoft article - Windows XP System Restore, (http://www.microsoft.com/technet/prodtechnol/winxppro/maintain/xpsysrst.mspx) which explains the process.

To create a manual System Restore point, use the following procedure. Start |All Programs|Accessories|System Tools menu|, and select System Restore. Select Create a System Restore Point, and follow the wizard. Name the system restore point so you can return to it later if necessary. This will ensure that you can restore your system to this point in time. To check and see if System Restore is running on your computer, use the following steps. Select |Start|Control Panel| and then select Administrative Tools. Select Services and scroll down to System Restore Service. Make sure it is running.

Several Times Boot Problems.

If your boot problem is more several times, you may need to take a more drastic approach. The Windows XP CD-ROM is bootable and will you access to a tool called Recovery Console.

To boot from the Windows XP CD, put the CD into the CD-ROM drive, and press the [Ctrl][Alt][Delete] keys. This will reboot your computer. Once the system begins booting from the CD, follow the onscreen prompts. This will load all of the basic files needed to run Setup. When you see the Welcome to Setup Screen, press [R] to start the Recovery Console.

At the Microsoft Windows XP Recovery Console, you will be prompted to choose the operating system that you want to log onto. Select the appropriate number and you will be prompted to enter the Administrator’s password. The Recovery Console menu will start. You can check the commands available by typing [Help] and hitting the [Enter] key at the command prompt. This will give you a list of Recovery Console commands and a short description of the command.

Restores your computer without losing your personal files.

System Restore does not cause you to lose your personal files or password. Items like documents, e-mail messages, browsing history, and the last specified password are saved when you revert to an earlier state with System Restore. System Restore protects your personal files by not restoring any files in the My Documents folder. It also does not restore any files that use common data file name extensions, such as .doc or .xls. If you're not sure whether your personal files use common data file name extensions, and you do not want the data files to be affected by System Restore, save them in the My Documents folder. If a program was installed after the restore point that you are restoring to was created, the program might be uninstalled as part of the restoration process. Data files that are created with the program are not lost. However, in order to open the files again, you must reinstall the associated program.

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